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STONEWORK

 

Quarrying is the art of carving stone for use in buildings. The different craftsmen involved in the process are called cabuqueros, carvers, masons and carvers or cutters.

The quarry work is machined to a large extent, resulting in the gradual disappearance of the masonry trade. It is intended for production, preferably, the restoration of buildings of architectural and heritage, the cladding and the development of masonry walls.

raw material

Stone is the raw material. Techniques and tools vary, depending on their hardness, brittleness, geological composition, depending on whether fine-grained, thick, and so on.

The work process begins with the extraction of stone in the quarries, cutting the blocks, then moulded to finally proceed to carve the stones.

Process of elaboration and crafts

This process consists of four phases, each speaking on different craftsmen:

Removal of material by the cabuquero, the grain, or strand, using wedges, brown, spike bar and landfall; cutting the block of stone by the sculptor, using wedges, pick, sledge hammer and square; regulating the forms appropriate, by the planter, being in charge of designing the sketch to scale or size; carving by the labrante, sometimes including decorative details.

Quarry marks

The ancient craftsmen macaban work with some signs called mason marks, recognizable among them, which appeared also recorded in their work tools. Marks were very simple, consisting of stripes, dots, crosses, or the initial letter of the name. These signs were used as reference to know each artisan production, were widely used in medieval architecture.

tools

In the preparation of the stone you need a large number of utensils and tools, among which are:

Measurement tools, such as subways, bars and squares, striking tools such as wedges, mallets, brown, picks, hammers, bujardas, escodas, pots, etc.., cutting tools, as saws and miter saws, finishing tools such as chisels , awls, carving, surety, chisel, planes, chisels, abujardadoras and sinkers.